Fro the third time the heart of Xterra in Czech republic will be in small town under peak called Libín! World class athletes with hunderds of amateurs will full the city in 13th anual Xterra Czech at 9th August 2014! The center of the race will be, as usual, in the city center of the wonderfull town founded in 12th century!
Prachatice is small historical town on the South of Czech republic. They are often called as "Gate of Sumava mountains". Center of city is rounded by old walls and by them there is wonderful historical heart with lot of small streets and majestic Great square. Above the city is rising mountain called Libin (1095 m.a.s.), which is natural landmark of the country. Nature of this region offer more than slopy hills, nice landwievs, small rivers and deep woods. Situation of city on the crossroads od Czech, Austria and German borders has been giving to city fortune and business since the Middle Ages. We would like to take the advantage of this and graw in city competitors from neighbouring regions. You can read something more about history down, or you can visit www.prachatice.cz.
City of Prachatice is situated in the southwest border of the Czech Republic and is part of the South Region. It consists of eight cadastral (cd Prachatice Old Prachatice Libínské Seat, Perlovice, Kahov, Osek, Volovich, Stadl).
area of 3901 ha
geographical coordinates: 48 ° 59 'n.w., 14 ° 01' w.l.
population 11,859 (as of 31.12.2002)
The surrounding countryside is made of mountain highlands with a dominant peak Libín (1096 m), which flows into the Sumava mountain range. The higher altitude with great relief segmentation significantly affect climate. Average winter temperature is from -5 to -9 ° C, average summer temperatures range from 13 to 17 ° C. Prevailing wind direction: West and Southwest. Nutrient flows through the town brook, west of the city is the river Blanice and Husinec dam.
Already at the beginning of the early Middle Ages lay in what became the Kingdom of Bohemia at the crossroads of European Inland Trade: from south to north Moravian vales went through an ancient "Amber Route", from west to east countries were traveling caravans of merchants in the eastern areas.
Apart from these main arteries linking trade with the neighboring Bohemia countries, many trails, probably very old. One of the most important was later called the "Golden Path" , connecting Bohemia and Bavaria, which intersects the Šumava forest. Especially in the Middle Ages gained extraordinary importance trail through trade with the Bavarian salt, pack animals transported from Passau bishop to Prachatice. At the time of starting the path of trade and in connection with the colonization of the Šumava forests probably existed a settlement (now Old Prachatice), which in the 2nd half of the 12th century gave Vratislav I Vyšehrad chapter. Secondary settlement - the site of the later - was probably the middle of the 13th century in a valley surrounded by five hills - the highest in the south of them Libín - and gradually became a local center. The prosperity of the new town was secured when Vyšehrad provost John rented the year 1323 people of Prachatice toll on the "Golden Path" for 18 talents of silver, and when the city won the right market (weekly market every Thursday). For more information about prehistory Prachatice see. archeology.
As with others, then based in the South Bohemian towns Prachatice foundation has attracted roughly square, around which the rest evenly spread over the city. Street first linked the two input gates, both formed circular street within the city opisující curve along the castle walls, which had only a simple line encircled the entire city. Two gates - Pisecka (called lower) in the north and Passau (called Upper) in the south - were originally the only access into the city. Both the gate consisted of a tower in the line connecting corridor walls and an open lower pre-gatery.
You probably already in the early 14th century in the northeastern corner of the square based church. James the Greater, the patron saint of pilgrims and traders. The church was built in the Gothic style, and particularly later dostavbám is considered one of the most valuable architectural monuments of South Bohemian Late Gothic. Church of Sts. James is probably the only building that has been preserved from the 14th century. But even so, it can be assumed huge construction works.